Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures. Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.
The term architecture is also used metaphorically to refer to the design of organizations and other abstract concepts. See glossary of architecture.Interior Designing
Effective setting for the range of human activities
Interior design describes a group of various yet related projects that involve turning an interior space into an “effective setting for the range of human activities” that are to take place there. An interior designer is someone who coordinates and manages such projects..Landscaping
The design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, etc.
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes.
It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and geological conditions and processes in the landscape, and the design of interventions that will produce the desired outcome.Topographical Survey
Cohesion and Coupling
Topographic Surveys are used to identify and map the contours of the ground and existing features on the surface of the earth or slightly above or below the earth’s surface (i.e. trees, buildings, streets, walkways, manholes, utility poles, retaining walls, etc.).Valuation
"Planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources"
Valuing property accurately is very important to sellers, home purchasers, lenders, and real estate investors.
Property valuation is the process which determines the economic value of real estate.